Simple trick to measure plane impedance with a VNA

Figure 1 Tektronix 11801B DSO with a 20GHz SD-24 TDR head connected to PCB shows an approximate impedance of 3.36?.

Having said all of this, the measurement of a PCB plane using a VNA may not be as straightforward as you might expect. One simple trick makes it easy.

A 2-sided 63mil FR4 PCB is used as an example in this article. The PCB is measured using both a VNA and a TDR. The results are compared, the error source is identified, and the trick is employed to correct the error.

The PCB is shown in Figure 1 connected to a SD-24 20GHz/17.5ps sampling head installed in a Tektronix 11801B DSO mainframe. The board is connected to the instrument via an SMA edge connector and a SMA male-SMA-male barrel adapter. The instrument cursor table is enlarged and shows a characteristic impedance of approximately 3.36 ohms or 10.4dB ohms. I say approximately because the cursor resolution on this instrument is somewhat coarse, but it is pretty close to 3.36 ohms.

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#plane #flatimpedance #powerintegrity #articles #tdrmeasurements #impedancemeasurement #picotest #pdn #timedomainmeasurements

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